Jyväskylän kesäyliopisto

The level groups and the course contents 2013

Group 1 (Beginner level)

The group started from the very beginning.

During the course the students practised dealing with everyday situations and conversations. They also wrote short texts about familiar topics and rehearsed vocabulary connected to family, work, everyday life, free time, living arrangements, weather and seasons. Among others following structures were covered:

  • sounds, stress and intonation, syllable boundaries, vowel harmony
  • important basic sentence types
  • verbs (verb types 1-5) in present tense
  • the consonant changes of the verbs (verb type 1)
  • time expressions
  • the imperfect of the verb ‘olla’ (to be)
  • personal pronouns
  • nominative, the basic form of the plural form, genitive, the forming and use of partitive singular
  • expressing place: missä? mistä? mihin? (where? where from? where to?)
  • the consonant changes of nouns, numerals, pronouns and adjectives
  • possessive structure ‘minulla on’ (I have)
  • some conjunctions
  • some forms of the spoken and written language in parallel


Group 2

The students in this group already knew some Finnish to start with.

The course covered topics such as weather, eating, hobbies, living, raising children, adjectives, everyman’s rights, street signs, nature, travel, health and sickness and sauna.

The work methods used were: small group conversations, discussions together with the whole group, small oral presentations, individual work and some small teaching sessions conducted by the teacher. Students also studied textbooks, Internet and Finnish magazines and papers as well as books about Finnish culture.

The students discussed Finnish phrases, Finnish customs, values and history. They came to know some contemporary matters through news in a simple language. The main focus of the small-group conversations was asking questions, responding to them and stating one’s statement. The topics were connected to everyday situations. Students got to know something about the spoken language and Finnish pronounciation: especially the vowels were practiced.


  • word types
  • verb types
  • sentence types
  • subordinate clauses
  • transitive and intransitive verbs
  • some basics about the object
  • verbs and phrasal verbs
  • the imperfect tense (positive and negative)
  • the perfect and pluperfect tenses (positive and negative)
  • the possessive suffix
  • cases for expressing locality
  • the comparison of adjectives


Group 3

The students in this group were already well acquainted with the Finnish language.

The course covered topics such as studying, travel and different phenomena of Finnish culture, for example nature, history and summer events. These themes were covered by studying e.g. song lyrics, articles, cartoons and web conversations. During the course, small written assignments and oral presentations were made of these themes and discussed in pairs and/or groups. In addition, the students searched information in Finnish and visited a library.


  • Getting to know each other
  • Studying, graduation, profession and work
  • Hobbies and time management
  • Upbringing children
  • Travel
  • The Finnish Lapland
  • Going to a summer cottage
  • The Finnish sauna
  • Finnish nature: everyman’s rights
  • The history of Finland
  • Finnish summer events
  • The Finnish sense of humor
  • The Finnish national epic Kalevala and its heroes
  • Finnish movie: getting to know Kauas pilvet karkaavat by Aki Kaurismäki
  • Expressing one’s opinion, means of expressing agreement and disagreement
  • Finnish idioms


  • participle forms
  • the 3rd infinitive
  • revising different word types
  • cases in plural
  • verb rections such as ’harrastaa + mitä’, ’olla kiinnostunut + mistä?’, ’pitää + mistä’, ’käydä + missä’, ’mennä + mihin’, ’antaa + kenelle’, ’unohtaa + ketä / kenet’, luottaa’ + keneen’
  • object
  • constructing nouns from verbs, ’minen’- form
  • sentence structures, such as ’minun täytyy’ -sentence and ’minun ei tarvitse’ -sentence